Evaluate The Extent Of Change In The Domestic United States During The Second World War From 1939 To 1945

Evaluate the Extent of Change in the Domestic United States During the Second World War from 1939 to 1945


The Second World War, a cataclysmic global conflict, profoundly impacted every aspect of American society. From 1939 to 1945, the United States underwent a transformative period that reshaped its economy, social fabric, and political landscape. This essay will evaluate the extent of change that occurred within the domestic United States during this momentous era.

Economic Transformation

The war brought about a dramatic shift in the American economy. The mobilization for war necessitated a massive increase in industrial production, leading to the creation of new industries and the expansion of existing ones. The government played a pivotal role in coordinating and directing the economy, implementing price controls, rationing, and other measures to ensure the efficient allocation of resources.

The war also resulted in a significant expansion of the labor force. Women and minorities, previously underrepresented in the workforce, entered the labor market in unprecedented numbers. This influx of new workers contributed to a surge in productivity and helped to meet the demands of the war effort.

Social Change

The war had a profound impact on American society. The mobilization for war brought people from all walks of life together, fostering a sense of unity and patriotism. However, it also exposed and exacerbated existing social inequalities.

The war accelerated the migration of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North and West, seeking employment opportunities in war industries. This migration led to increased racial tensions and discrimination, as well as the rise of the Civil Rights Movement.

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Women’s roles in society also underwent significant change during the war. With men serving overseas, women took on new responsibilities in the workforce, in government, and in the home. This shift challenged traditional gender roles and paved the way for greater equality in the postwar era.

Political Transformation

The war also brought about significant political changes. The Roosevelt administration expanded the role of the federal government in the economy and society, implementing policies such as the New Deal and the Fair Deal. These policies aimed to address the economic and social challenges of the Great Depression and the war.

The war also strengthened the power of the executive branch, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt assumed extraordinary powers to coordinate the war effort. This shift in power balance had a lasting impact on the American political system.


The Second World War was a transformative period in the history of the United States. The war brought about unprecedented economic, social, and political changes that reshaped the nation. The mobilization for war led to a surge in industrial production, the expansion of the labor force, and the creation of new industries. The war also exposed and exacerbated existing social inequalities, accelerated the Civil Rights Movement, and challenged traditional gender roles. Politically, the war strengthened the role of the federal government and the executive branch. The changes that occurred during the Second World War had a profound impact on American society and continue to shape the nation today.

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